Ulmus x wilsoniana ‘Prospector’ – Prospector Elm

Botanical Name: Ulmus x wilsoniana ‘Prospector’

Alternate Name: Ulmus davidiana var. japonica ‘Prospector’

The Prospector Elm (Ulmus x wilsoniana ‘Prospector) is a fast growing, medium to large sized deciduous tree with a slender, vase-shaped growth habit and drooping lower branches. It is a hardy and adaptable tree, tolerating extremes of temperature as well as occasionally flooded soil. This tree is a smaller and narrower tree than the American Elm (Ulmus americana) and originates from a cross between two Asian elms. This tree grows to a height of 40-50 feet with a spread of 25-30 feet wide.

The leaves of the Prospector Elm emerge in the spring with shades of orange and red and mature to a glossy, deep green as the growing season progresses. They are obovate (tear-drop shaped and wider towards the tip than the base). The foliage measures up to 4-4.5 inches long and 3 inches wide, with serrated margins and an asymmetrical leaf base. The fall foliage display is a brilliant yellow.

The blooms are small, green, and inconspicuous. They develop in March or April before the leaves emerge. The fruits are delicate oval, papery samaras containing single-seeds. These mature in April or May as the leaves are developing. The bark is light gray in color.

Prospector Elm needs regular trimming of the weeping lower branches to maintain the vase-shaped form. It provides a habitat for migratory birds. It has good resistance to Dutch Elm disease and elm leaf beetle.


Height: 40-50 ft.
Width: 25-30 ft.
Shape: Vase
Flower Color: Green
Flowering Time: March-April
Fall Color: Yellow
Features: Bright fall color, adaptable street tree, tolerates extremes of temperatures
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Sun
Watering: Moderate & Regular
Soil: Prefers moist, well-drained soils, but is adaptable to wet and dry soils as well as alkaline pH and heavy clay.
Growth Rate: Fast
USDA Zones: 4-10
Uses: Shade tree, street tree, park tree
Similar Trees: New Horizon Elm (Ulmus ‘New Horizon’), Princeton Elm (Ulmus americana ‘Princeton’), Frontier Elm (Ulmus x carp. ‘Frontier’), Accolade™ Elm (Ulmus ‘Morton’ ), Triumph™ Elm (Ulmus ‘Morton Glossy’)

Additional information



Flower Color


Flowering Time

April, March

Fall Color


Growth Rate



Park Tree, Shade Tree, Street Tree

USDA Zones

10, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Mature Height


Mature Width



Full Sun, Partial Sun

Call Now Button