Botanical Name: Cornus x kousa ‘KN30-8,’ Cornus x kousa ‘Venus’
Alternate Name: Venus Kousa Dogwood
The Venus Dogwood is a beautiful, spring blooming ornamental dogwood with a profusion of very large, white flowers. It is a vigorous, small deciduous tree with a dense and spreading, low growing habit. Venus grows to a height of 14 to 18 feet tall and 18-24 feet wide – which means this tree grows wider than it is tall.
Cornus x kousa ‘Venus’ is a cross between Cornus kousa ‘Chinensis’ x Cornus nuttallii’ Goldspot’ x Cornus kousa ‘Rosea.’ It’s a cross between the native dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), found growing in the Pacific Northwest, and the Chinese/Korean dogwood. The hybrid was developed for Rutgers University as part of the dogwood Jersey Star series by Elwin R. Orton, Jr.
The flowers are made up of four, white bracts that curve over forming a cup shape. The true flowers that are found at the center are insignificant and yellowish-green in color. The bract ‘flowers’ measure 6 inches in diameter.
In the fall, the Venus Dogwood develops red berries that look similar to a strawberry. These berries attract birds to the tree. If any berries are left, they will persist on the tree into the winter. The Venus Dogwood produces dense growth. The leaves are glossy and dark green. The foliage turns a bright red in the fall.
No serious insect or disease problems. Cornus kousa ‘Venus’ has excellent resistance to anthracnose and powdery mildew. It can become susceptible to borers when stressed. Leaf scorch can occur in hot and windy locations.
Height: 14-18 ft.
Width: 18-24 ft.
Shape: Round, Spreading
Flower Color: White
Flowering Time: April-May
Fall Color: Red
Features: Stunning spring flower display, red berries persist in winter, bright fall color
Exposure: Sun to Part Shade
Watering: Moderate & Regular
Soil: Moist, rich and acidic, well-drained soil. But adaptable to different soil types.
Growth Rate: Fast
USDA Zones: 6-9
Uses: Specimen/accent tree, patio tree, lawn tree, shade tree, massed plantings, mixed borders, wildlife gardens