Sassafras albidum – Sassafras Tree

Botanical Name: Sassafras albidum

The Sassafras tree (Sassafras albidum) is a small to medium sized deciduous tree. It has a shrubby form as a juvenile and grows into a dense pyramidal shape as it matures. This tree will easily spread by root suckers forming clones of the original tree. However, if the suckers are removed from the base, it is easy to maintain as a single Sassafras tree.

The Sassafras tree is found growing on the edges of woodlands in eastern North America. It grows to a height of 30-60 feet with a spread of 25-40 feet.

Its roots and bark have been used to make oil that perfumes soap, as well as adding a distinctive flavor to root beer and tea. Sassafras is the name given to the tree by the indigenous people of the region.

The leaves of the Sassafras are variable but have distinctive shapes. They can either be oval, mitten-shaped, or form 3 lobes. The foliage measures approximately 4-7 inches in length and is bright green on top with white undersides. The leaves turn a vibrant deep red or orange in the fall, providing a stunning autumn display.

The attractive mahogany colored bark of this tree forms vertical ridges and furrows.

The Sassafras can grow as either a male or female tree. Both male and female flowers are drooping catkins that are yellowish green and put on a showy display in the spring, hanging down at the ends of branches. When pollinated, female blooms are followed by clusters of small, deep blue-black drupes that hang on bright red stalks.

The leaves can exhibit chlorosis if planted in soil that is too alkaline. Besides this, the tree does not have any significant problems. It is allelopathic – its roots exude an oil that will prevent other plants from growing close to it.


Height: 30-60 ft.
Width: 25-40 ft.
Shape: Pyramidal
Flower Color: Yellowish-Green
Flowering Time: April-May
Fall Color: Red, Orange
Features: Showy fruit and flowers
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Watering: Moderate & Regular
Soil: Prefers acidic, well-drained, moist loam soils. Tolerates wet or dry sandy soils.
Growth Rate: Moderate-fast
USDA Zones: 4-9
Uses: Lawn tree, screening tree, woodland tree
Similar Trees: Paw Paw (Asimina triloba), Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata), Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Additional information



Flower Color

Green, Yellow

Flowering Time

April, May

Fall Color

Orange, Red

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate


Lawn Tree, Screening, Woodland

USDA Zones

4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Mature Height

30'-40', 40'-50', 50'+

Mature Width

20'-30', 30'-40'


Full Sun, Partial Shade

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