Stewartia pseudocamellia – Japanese Stewartia

Botanical Name: Stewartia pseudocamellia

Alternate Name: Korean Stewartia, Deciduous Camellia

The Japanese Stewartia (Stewartia pseudocamellia) is a graceful, small to medium sized deciduous tree. It can be grown in a standard form or multi-trunked, and its growth habit is pyramidal and spreading. This tree grows to a height of 20-40 feet tall and 15-30 feet wide.

This tree originates in the mountains of Japan and the Korean peninsula. It is closely related to the genera Camellia and Franklinia – belonging to the same family, the Theaceae or tea family. It is named after a Scottish botanist from the sixteenth century, John Stuart.

Japanese Stewartia is prized for its beautiful summer flowers and luminous fall color. Its blooms appear in June or July. They are cup shaped like the flowers of a Camellia and 2.5 inches wide, with large, bright orange anthers.

The leaves are 3 inches long, elliptical in shape, and a medium to dark green color. The undersides of the leaves are a lighter green. Japanese Stewartia puts on a vibrant fall foliage display in October, with the inner leaves turning yellow and the outer leaves a glowing orange and red, tinged with purple. The bark is exfoliating and a beautiful orange-brown – providing both winter interest and color.

Not susceptible to any significant diseases or pests.


Height: 20-40 ft.
Width: 15-30 ft.
Shape: Pyramidal
Flower Color: White
Flowering Time: June-July
Fall Color: Orange, Yellow, Purple
Features: Showy fragrant flowers, colorful fall display, winter interest
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Watering: Moderate & Regular
Soil: Prefers acidic, rich, moist, well-drained sandy loams. Dislikes clay or rocky soils and poor drainage.
Growth Rate: Slow
USDA Zones: 5-8
Uses: Accent tree, small shade tree, Japanese/Asian gardens
Similar Trees: Elizabeth Magnolia (Magnolia x ‘Elizabeth’), Galaxy Magnolia (Magnolia x ‘Galaxy’), Yellow Bird Magnolia (Magnolia x brooklynensis ‘Yellow Bird’), Daybreak Magnolia (Magnolia virginiana ‘Daybreak’), Moonglow® Magnolia (Magnolia virginiana ‘Jim Wilson’)

Additional information



Flower Color


Flowering Time

July, June

Fall Color

Orange, Purple, Yellow

Growth Rate



Accent Tree, Asian-themed Gardens, Japanese Gardens, Shade Tree, Small Gardens

USDA Zones

5, 6, 7, 8

Mature Height

20'-30', 30'-40'

Mature Width

15'-20', 20'-30'


Full Sun, Partial Shade

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