Espresso™ Kentucky Coffeetree

Botanical Name: Gymnocladus dioicus ‘Espresso-JFS’

The Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus ‘Espresso-JFS’) is a low maintenance, large, deciduous tree with an open growth habit and wide vase-shaped crown that grows into an oval as it matures. It is a grafted male variety – a cultivar of the Kentucky Coffee tree, Gymnocladus dioicus, which produces no seeds. It therefore does not develop the typical seed pods that can make a mess. This tree cultivar was developed by J. Frank Schmidt & Sons in Oregon. The species tree is found growing naturally in the northeastern and parts of mid-western United States.

The Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree has coarse, compound foliage, ovate in shape and 20 inches in length, with the individual leaflets measuring 6-7 inches. The foliage is a deep, forest green color that turns golden yellow in the fall. The Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree grows to a height of 50-60 feet with a spread of 30-40 feet.

The early summer flowers hang down in greenish white panicles. The vertically ridged, gray-brown bark is attractive and contributes to an interesting winter silhouette.

The Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree should be planted in full sun. It is an adaptable tree and grows well in a range of soil types. This tree is somewhat tolerant of drought conditions, urban pollution, and road salt. It is therefore suited to larger urban landscapes and planting as a street tree along large boulevards. It is also a useful tree to plant for wildlife, attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

No significant pest or diseases.


Height: 50-60 ft.

Width: 30-40 ft.

Shape: Round, Vase shaped

Flower Color: Greenish-White

Flowering Time: June

Fall Color: Yellow

Features: Vertical accent, coarse textured foliage, interesting bark

Exposure: Full Sun

Watering: Moderate & Regular, Drought tolerant once established

Soil: Tolerant of a wide range of soils conditions, tolerates alkaline soil

Growth Rate: Slow

USDA Zones: 3-8

Uses: Street tree, shade tree, lawn tree, urban landscapes, large landscapes, wildlife tree, xeriscaping

Similar trees: Gymnocladus dioicus 'J.C. McDaniel' (Prairie Titan™ Kentucky Coffeetree), Gymnocladus dioicus 'McKBranched' (Decaf® Kentucky Coffeetree)